Training - Piracy – Best Management Practices Version 4 (BMP4)
The 4th version of the shipping industry's Best Management Practices for Protection against Somali
Based Piracy (BMP4) has now been released. As with previous versions, version 4 is endorsed by
virtually all industry organizations and by the UKMTO and EU NAVFOR.
Click here for a PDF version of BMP4.
BMP4 uses hard-won experience and knowledge gained since version 3 to update the practical
Knowledge and guidance it gives to owners and operators. Improvements to the BMP include:
A new Executive Summary at the beginning detailing the Three Fundamental Requirements of
- Register with the MSCHOA.
- Report to UKMTO.
- Implement the Ship Protection Measures contained in the BMP.
An Aide Memoire in diagrammatic format which illustrates how to “Avoid Being a Victim of
Piracy”, also included in the new Executive Summary.
A copy of the MSCHOA Vessel Movement Registration Form.
A new subsection on “Prosecution of Pirates – Assisting Law Enforcement Authorities”, which
was produced in conjunction with INTERPOL, is now included. This new section includes
reference to a 24-hr helpline and to INTERPOL’s new Maritime Task Force website
New advice on the use of ship protection measures, examples include: additional guidance on
the use of citadels, considerations for ballistic protection afforded to the crew who may be
required to remain on the bridge during a pirate attack and testing of ship protection measures,
including the security of access points and review, during drills and crew briefings is also
Additional advice for leisure craft including yachts.
It is important to note that the new BMP frequently refers users to the websites of the Maritime Security
Centre – Horn of Africa (www.mschoa.org) and NATO Shipping Centre (www.shipping.nato.int) for
additional regularly updated advice. A new section in BMP4 on “Armed Private Maritime Security
Contractors” includes a reference to IMO guidance reproduced on the MSCHOA and NATO Shipping
The potential consequences of not following BMP are considered to be severe and A&A strongly
recommends members and clients to familiarize themselves with and adhere to the guidance and
recommendations contained within BMP.